|“||Whether they were bank directors or mental cases, the people who were loaded on those trains meant nothing to me. It was really none of my business.||„|
|~ Adolf Eichmann|
|“||No human being should be expected to have to share the earth with you.||„|
|~ The judge at Eichmann's trial|
Karl Adolf Eichmann (March 19th, 1906 - May 31st, 1962) was a Nazi and SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant colonel).
Eichmann was born in Solingen, Germany to a businessman. At the suggestion of Ernst Kaltenbrunner, he joined the Austrian branch of the NSDAP. Throughout his career, he became one of the top Nazis in the SS Organization. 1942, Heydrich made Eichmann attend the Wannsee Conference. This got him the right to send Jews to German death camps. Eichmann was responsible for planning and overseeing the mass deportations and exterminations of the Holocaust, which earned him the nickname, "the architect of the Holocaust."
After WWII, Eichmann was taken into U.S. Custody. He eventually eluded the Nuremberg War Trials and stayed in hiding in Argentina. He tried to evade his pursuers with the name Ricardo Klement. The Israeli intelligence service Mossad located and abducted him. He was brought back to Israel in secret for trial. At his trial, his lawyers were Dr. Robert Servatius and Dieter Winkelmann. The prosecutors were Gideon Hausner, Gabriel Bach, and Yaakov Bar-Or. Despite his pleas, Eichmann was eventually found guilty by the three judges and sentenced to death. His appeals were rejected. Before his execution, he rejected a last meal and instead had a bottle of dry red Israeli wine, of which he drank about half. He refused to wear a hood during his execution. He was executed by hanging before midnight on May 31st, 1962.
His body was later cremated and his ashes were scattered at sea beyond the territorial waters of Israel by an Israeli Navy patrol boat.