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Alfred Jodl

Alfred Jodl (May 10, 1890 - October 16, 1946) was a German military commander in the serivce of the Nazis.

In 1890, Jodl was born under a man also named Alfred Jodl and Therese Baumgärtler. He was educated then graduated from Cadet school in Munich. His younger brother Ferdinand would also be a Nazi. In WW1, he fought as an artillery officer and was wounded twice in the fighting. 1917, he fought on the Eastern front before being a staff officer in the west. When the carnage was over in 1918, Jodl joined the Reichswehr.

Towards the end of the Weimar Republic, Jodl was put under the care of Ludwig Beck. He met Hitler on September 1939. At the Battle of Britain, he wrote "The final German victory over England is now only a question of time." He was first Artilleriekommandeur of the 44th division then went through the rest of the war as Chef des Wehrmachtsführungsstabes. While Jodl was taking Norway and Denmark, Hitler interrupted him when the flotilla destroyer was sunk outside Narvik. Jodl disagreed with his boss. He signed the Commando Order of 28 October 1942 and the Commissar Order of 6 June 1941. In a meeting with Hitler on July 20th, 1944, Jodl was badly wounded by the bomb meant for Hitler. After surviving, he was given the special wounded badge. At the Nuremberg War Trials, Jodl was indicted for crimes against peace, humanity, war crimes, etc. On all four charges, Jodl was announced guilty and sentenced to hang. He said his last words: "Ich grüße Dich, mein ewiges Deutschland - My greetings to you, my eternal Germany." before he was hung by the neck.

On 28 February 1953, the München Hauptspruchkammer (main denazification court) declared Jodl not guilty of the main charges brought against him at Nuremberg, citing the French co-President of the Tribunal, Henri Donnedieu de Vabres, who had in 1946 called the verdict against Jodl a mistake. His property, which had been confiscated in 1946, was returned to his widow. The declaration was politically revoked on 3 September 1953 by the Minister of Political Liberation for Bavaria, after pressure from American officers. This decision had no juridical impact, his wife could keep his property.

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