Dragutin Dimitrijević (17 August 1876 - 27 June 1917) was a Serbian soldier. He was a leading member of a military group that organized the overthrow of the Serbian government in 1903. He personally participated in the murders of King Alexander and his wife Queen Draga. He was also the leader of the Black Hand group implicated with assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria in June 1914. The latter triggered the July Crisis which led to the outbreak of First World War.