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Ernst Kaltenbrunner (October 4th, 1903 – October 16th, 1946) was an Austrian-born senior official of Nazi Germany during World War II. An Obergruppenführer (general) in the Schutzstaffel (SS), between January 1943 and May 1945 he held the offices of Chief of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt; RSHA). He was the highest-ranking member of the SS to face trial at the first Nuremberg trials. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and executed.

Dates of rank

  • SS-Mann – 31 August 1931[6]
  • SS-Truppführer - 1931[6]
  • SS-Sturmhauptführer – 25 September 1932[6]
  • SS-Standartenführer – 20 April 1936[6]
  • SS-Oberführer – 20 April 1937[6]
  • SS-Brigadeführer – 21 March 1938[6]
  • SS-Gruppenführer – 11 September 1938[6]
  • SS-Untersturmführer d.R. der Waffen-SS – 1 July 1940[6]
  • Generalleutnant der Polizei – 1 April 1941[6]
  • SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei – 21 June 1943[6]
  • General der Waffen-SS und Polizei – 1 December 1944[6]

Awards and decorations

  • Honour Chevron for the Old Guard (1934)[67]
  • SS Honour Ring (1938)[67]
  • Sword of honour of the Reichsführer-SS (1938)[67]
  • Anschluss Medal (1938)[67]
  • Sudetenland Medal (1938) with Prague Castle Bar (1939)[67]
  • Golden Party Badge (1939)[67]
  • SS Long Service Award For 4, 8, and 12 Years Service[67]
  • Nazi Party Long Service Award in Bronze and Silver[67]
  • Blood Order (31 May 1942)[67]
  • German Cross in Silver (1943)[67]
  • Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords (1944)[67]

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