- "My countrymen, as of the twenty-third of this month, I signed Proclamation #1081 placing the entire Philippines under Martial Law."
- —Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11th, 1917 – September 28th, 1989), was a Filipino dictator who held the title of President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives (1949 – 1959) and a member of the Philippine Senate (1959 – 1965). He was Senate President from 1963-1965.
While in power he implemented wide-ranging programs of infrastructure development and economic reform. However, his administration was marred by massive authoritarian corruption, despotism, nepotism, political repression, and human rights violations. The controversy was that he may have been extremely polarizing figure as his loyalists, cronies and critics call him the best president they ever had and the most corrupt one.