Judas Iscariot was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ, who was known for his betrayal to Christ. He told the Sanhedrin chief priests and scribes, who wanted Jesus put to death, that he would hand him over for thirty pieces of silver. After Jesus was arrested and sentenced to death, Judas, realizing the atrocity of his betrayal, tried to return the pieces of silver to the chief priests, Annas and Caiaphas. After they refused, Judas flung the coins into a temple and killed himself by hanging.
There are two different versions of Judas Iscariot's death in the Bible. The version more widely known is that Judas hung himself. The other claims that Judas fell, split his stomach, and his entrails fell out.
His betrayal has become infamous enough for the name Judas to be used as a common term for a traitor of any kind, especially one that betrays a close ally.
- In Dante Alighieri's epic poem The Inferno, Judas has been labeled as the greatest traitors in history, along with Brutus and Cassius, the murderers of Caesar. All three have been sentenced to the ninth and final circle of Hell - Treachery. Unlike the other traitors, who are frozen in ice, Judas, Brutus, and Cassius are eternally punished by being gnawed upon by the three heads of Satan. Judas, headfirst in Satan's middle head with his back raked by Satan's claws, suffers the worst punishment of the three.
- A 2nd century Coptic, papyrus book known as the Euangelion Ioudas ("Gospel of Judas") that was banned from the Christian Bible and rediscovered within the area near Beni Masah, Egypt in the 1970s, is the historical Gnostic document that describes the story of Jesus' death from the viewpoint of Judas and the story of a vision that the apostle is being stoned to death by Christ's 11 remaining apostles