Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965) was a Civil Rights leader in America and a prominent figure in the Nation of Islam. Unlike Martin Luther King, he encouraged complete separation from white America and believed that whites were the devil. Prior to his imprisonment and conversion to Islam, Malcolm X led a life of crime. After he was released from prison, Elijah Muhammed took Malcolm under his wing and made him his closet associate. After several years, Malcolm X had a falling out with the Nation of Islam and made a pilgrimage to Mecca, where he witnessed people of all races and cultures coming together as equals to serve one God. After this point, he changed his message to denounce racism itself, not white people in general. Unfortunately, members of the Nation of Islam assassinated Malcolm X shortly after he returned to the U.S. on Elijah Muhammed's orders.
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